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Descriptions for the Brief column:

Command Default / CUA Emacs Brief
Backward character Left arrow Ctrl + b, Left arrow Left arrow
Forward character Right arrow Ctrl + f, Right arrow Right arrow
Previous line Up arrow Ctrl + p, Up arrow Up arrow
Next line Down arrow Ctrl + n, Down arrow Down arrow
Left one word Ctrl + Left arrow Alt + b, Ctrl + Left arrow Ctrl + Left arrow
Right one word Ctrl + Right arrow Alt + f, Ctrl + Right arrow Ctrl + Right arrow
Beginning of line Home Ctrl + a Home
End of line End Ctrl + e End
Top of window Ctrl + Page Up   2xHome (3xHome when smart home enabled)
Bottom of window Ctrl + Page Down   2xEnd
Up one screen Page Up Alt + v, Page Up Page Up
Down one screen Page Down Ctrl + v, Page Down Page Down
Top of buffer Ctrl + Home Home, Alt + < 3xHome (4xHome when smart home enabled)
Bottom of buffer Ctrl + End End, Alt + >  3xEnd
Next tab stop Tab Tab  
Previous tab stop Shift + Tab Shift + Tab  
Scroll window up one line Ctrl + Up    
Scroll window down one line Ctrl + Down    
Recenter   Ctrl + l (lowercase L) Ctrl + c
Scroll current line to top     Ctrl + t
Scroll current line to bottom     Ctrl + b
Jump to line number Ctrl + g Ctrl + x g Alt + g
Jump to routine     Ctrl + g
Find matching brace Alt + [ , Alt + ] Ctrl + Alt + b, Ctrl + Alt + f  
Set numbered bookmark Ctrl + Shift + <#>   Alt + <#>
Jump to numbered bookmark Ctrl + <#>   Alt + j <#>, Alt + j Tab
Back to indentation   Alt + m  
Select left one character Shift + Left arrow    
Select right one character Shift + Right arrow    
Select up one line Shift + Up arrow    
Select down one line Shift + Down arrow    
Select left one word Shift + Ctrl + Left arrow    
Select right one word Shift + Ctrl + Right arrow    
Select to start of line Shift + Home    
Select to end of line Shift + End    
Start selection     Alt + m
Start column selection     Alt + c
Mark stream (NI)     Alt + a
Print selection     Alt + p
Select to top of window Shift + Ctrl + Page Up    
Select to bottom of window Shift + Ctrl + Page Down    
Select up one screen Shift + Page Up    
Select down one screen Shift + Page Down    
Select to top of buffer Shift + Ctrl + Home    
Select to bottom of buffer Shift + Ctrl + End    
Select current word Ctrl + w   Alt + s (diffrent than in Brief)
Select current line Ctrl + l   Alt + l
Select all (mark-whole-buffer) Ctrl + a Ctrl + x h  
Set mark   Ctrl + Space, Ctrl + @  
Exchange point and mark   Ctrl + x Ctrl + x  
Toggle Insert / Overstrike mode Insert Insert Alt + i
Delete character Delete Ctrl + d, Delete Delete
Delete previous character Backspace, Shift + Backspace Backspace, Shift + Backspace Backspace
Delete line Ctrl + y   Alt + d
Delete to end of line (kill-line) Ctrl + Shift + y Ctrl + k Alt + k
Delete to beginning of the line     Ctrl + k
Delete next word (kill-word) Ctrl + t Alt + d Alt + Backspace
Delete previous word (backward-kill-word) Ctrl + Backspace Ctrl + Delete, Alt + Backspace, Alt + Delete Ctrl + Backspace
Indent block Ctrl + Shift + i, Tab Ctrl + x Tab Tab
Unindent block Ctrl + Shift + u, Shift + Tab   Shift + Tab
Insert return Enter, Shift + Enter Enter, Shift + Enter, Ctrl + m Enter
Open line Ctrl + n Ctrl + o Ctrl + Enter
Comment / uncomment lines Ctrl + /    
Delete horizontal space   Alt + \  
Delete blank lines   Ctrl + x Ctrl + o  
 Quote (treat next keystroke literally)     Alt + q
Lowercase word   Alt + l  
Uppercase word   Alt + u  
Capitalize word   Alt + c  
Lowercase region   Ctrl + x Ctrl + l  
Uppercase region   Ctrl + x Ctrl + u  
Transpose characters   Ctrl + t  
Transpose words   Alt + t  
Transpose lines   Ctrl + x Ctrl + t  
Undo Ctrl + z, Alt + Backspace, Undo Ctrl + /, Ctrl + Underscore, Ctrl + x u, Undo, F9 Alt - u, Grey *
Redo Ctrl + Shift + z, Alt + Shift + Backspace, Again Again, Shift + F9  
Cut selection Ctrl + x, Shift + Delete, Cut   Grey -
Copy selection Ctrl + c, Ctrl + Insert, Copy   Grey +
Paste from clipboard Ctrl + v, Shift + Insert, Paste   Insert
Kill-region   Ctrl + w  
Kill-ring-save   Alt + w  
Clipboard-kill-region   F20, Cut  
Clipboard-kill-ring-save   F16, Copy  
Clipboard-yank   F18, Paste  
Yank   Ctrl + y  
Yank-pop   Alt + y  
Find text Ctrl + f Find F5, Alt + s
Toggle case sensitive     Ctrl + F5
Toggle regular expression     Ctrl + F6
Find again F3   Shift + F5
Replace text Ctrl + r Alt + % F6, Alt + t
Replace again     Shift + F6
Find backwards     Alt + F5
Replace backwards     Alt + F6
Incremental search Ctrl + e Ctrl + s  
Reverse incremental search   Ctrl + r  
Command Default / CUA Emacs  
File | New Ctrl + n    
File | Open Ctrl + o Ctrl + x Ctrl + f Alt + e
File | Save Ctrl + s Ctrl + x Ctrl + s Alt + w
File | Save As   Ctrl + x Ctrl + w  
File | Save All Ctrl + Shift + a    
File | Close Ctrl + F4 Ctrl + x Ctrl + k  
 Read file into buffer     Alt + r
delete-window   Ctrl + x Ctrl + 0 Ctrl + -
delete-other-windows   Ctrl + x Ctrl + 1  
split-window-vertically   Ctrl + x Ctrl + 2  
split-window-horizontally   Ctrl + x Ctrl + 3  
other-window   Ctrl + x Ctrl + o  
 Display file name     Alt + f
Previous open node  Ctrl + F6  F11 Alt + -
Next open node  Ctrl + Shift + F6  F12 Alt + n
Back  Ctrl + Alt + Left     
Forward Ctrl + Alt + Right     
 Buffers list     Alt + b
Make project Ctrl + F9 Ctrl + x Ctrl + m Alt + F10
Make file Ctrl + Shift + F9   Alt + F10, Ctrl + Alt + F10
Run (Resume) F9    
Debug Shift + F9    
Step into F7 F7  
Step over F8 F8   
Reset Ctrl + F2 Ctrl + F2  
Toggle breakpoint F5 F5  
Run to cursor F4 F4  
Browse symbol Ctrl + - (minus sign)
Methods and members of current scope Ctrl + h or Ctrl + Space
Method parameters Ctrl + Shift + h or Ctrl + Shift + Space
Class browser Ctrl + Alt + h or Ctrl + Alt + Space
Drill down Ctrl + Enter or Alt + Shift + h
Code Templates Ctrl + j Ctrl + j  
Next message Ctrl + Shift + n Ctrl + x Ctrl + n Ctrl + n (next error)
Previous message Ctrl + Shift + p Ctrl + x Ctrl + p  
Refresh F5    
Toggle curtain Ctrl + Alt + z    
Toggle project pane Ctrl + Alt + p    
Toggle structure pane Ctrl + Alt + s    
Toggle content pane Ctrl + Alt + c    
Toggle message pane Ctrl + Alt + m   Ctrl + p (popup error window)
Help F1, Help   Alt + h
Context help Shift + F1    
Repeat command     Ctrl + r
Display editor version     Alt + v
some keystroke macros      
Record     F7
Play     F8
Save     Alt + F8
Load     Alt + F7
Load file     F9
Delete file     Shift + F9
Pause recording     Shift + F7